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Summary: Low carb refers to low carbohydrate. Low carbohydrate food or low carbohydrate diet are among the most talked about phrases across the world these days and the blame goes to the  health complications people are developing.

Low carb food or diets are made of food items having very low or nil carbohydrate content. Low carbohydrate diet or food is prescribed for people who invite obesity for their poor food habit and look for relief and ways to reduce their body weight.  Though carbohydrate which is found in four different forms-monosaccharide, disaccharide, oligosaccharide and polysaccharide benefit the body by strengthening the immune system, fertilization and prevent pathogenesis and blood clotting; excessive intake of complex carbohydrate starch in the form of pasta, bread and cereals like rice and wheat and simple carbohydrate in the form of sugar in candies, jam and desserts contain, lead to weight gain and obesity.

To dieticians, simple and complex carbohydrates are big causes of concerns as they affect human health largely. If you want to get rid of obesity and lose weight and consult a dietician for this the first thing that he or she will prescribe for you is a low carb diet. Don’t feel disappointed if you are a food lover since there is no need to snap the ties with pasta, bread jam and desert permanently, as many dieticians instruct. You don’t need to be that strict in the initial phase, but surely you need to be a bit more disciplined. Instead of eliminating your favorite food items from the table at one stroke, opt for a slow replacement process.

The best way to get habituated to a low carbohydrate diet is to replace the carbohydrate rich food with items with vegetables. Though food rich in fat and protein can replace carbohydrates in one’s diet, it is better to avoid fat and protein rich food as excess consumption of things like fish, selfish, egg, cheese, nuts, peanuts, seeds and poultry could encourage obesity. You can have poultry and egg occasionally but vegetables should be regular members of your breakfast, lunch and dinner plate.

If you try to search for low carb diet plans on the net, contradictory opinions could make you confused. To many dieticians vegetables are synonymous with carbohydrate and they even suggest restriction of fruit intake since they contain sugar. Not a point that you can ignore completely since vegetables like potato and maize are really rich in starch but they are not the only vegetables available in the market. Instead of consuming potato, you can increase the intake green vegetables like spinach, broccoli, cauliflowers and peppers. You may also opt for carrot sticks and veggie sticks that contain low carbohydrate. Another reason why fruits and vegetables should be parts of your diet is that they are good sources of vitamins, sugar alcohols and flavonoids that protect the body from the ill effect of over absorption of sugar.

Apart from these, you can consume multi-vitamin and mineral supplements to fight deficiency of the nutrients that carbohydrate rich food items contain.